The S&P Capital IQ Focus ETF for February is iShares MSCI USA Minimum Volatility ETF (USMV). In ranking approximately 860 equity ETFs, we combine holdings-level analysis with ETF-level attributes, such as bid/ask spread, expense ratio and volatility.
According to Sam Stovall (please hyperlink to Sam’s author page), US equity strategist for S&P Capital IQ, since 1946, there have been 56 pullbacks, or price declines of 5.0%-9.99%. They fell an average of 7% over a little more than one month and took fewer than two months to get back to breakeven. There have been 20 corrections (-10.0% to -19.9%) since WWII, erasing an average 14% from the value of the S&P 500. They typically took a bit more than four months to go from peak to trough and a similar number of months to recover fully.
We think USMV is strong ETF for consideration for investors wanting to reduce the risk considerations of their overall U.S. equity exposure. The ETF is diversified across all 10 sectors, but holds the least volatile securities within the sector. iShares, working with an MSCI benchmark, uses sector bands (+/- 500 basis points relative to a parent MSCI index at the semi-annual rebalance).
As such, at year end, financials (22% of assets), health care (20%), information technology (15%) and consumer staples (15%) are the largest sectors. Relative to the parent MSCI index, tech is underweighted, while the other three are overweighted. Other sectors underweighted are industrials (4.5%) and energy (1.9%).
From a sector perspective, USMV is different than peer PowerShares S&P 500 Low Volatility (SPLV). SPLV has no sector bands and as such has more in financials (27% of assets) and less in tech (2%).
USMV ranks favorably to S&P Capital IQ for all four risk consideration inputs to our ranking. Three of these, S&P Capital IQ Quality Rankings and Qualitative Risk Assessments, along with Standard & Poor's Credit Ratings, are tied to the holdings.
For example, Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) has an A+ Quality Ranking, a low risk assessment and AAA credit rating. S&P Capital IQ equity analyst Jeff Loo, who has a buy recommendation on the shares, view its capital deployment strategy of acquisitions and stock buybacks positively. In October 2015, JNJ announced a $10 billion stock buyback, and the shares currently have a 3% dividend yield.
In addition, USMV earns a favorable ranking input for its below-average three-year standard deviation of 9.1 (ETFs tracking the S&P 500 index have 10.5). Daniel Gamba, managing director and head of BlackRock's iShares Americas Institutional Business, told S&P Capital IQ in late January that the increased volatility in equity markets has made institutional investors more tactical in using minimum volatility products to lower risk.
We think the increased usage of USMV by institutional investors has been a positive for all investors. The average daily trading volume in the past month spiked to 3.3 million, up from 2.0 million during the past six months. The bid/ask spread is $0.01, lower than most ETFs. In addition from a cost perspective, USMV has a modest 0.15% expense ratio.
Year to date through January 27, USMV declined only 3.8%, falling less than half as much as the S&P 500 index. In 2015, during a relatively flat year with the broader index up 1.4%, USMV rose 5.5%.