Required Disclosures

This report is for informational purposes only. Neither S&P Global Market Intelligence nor its sources guarantee the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of this report or make any warranties regarding results from its usage. When using this report, investors are advised to consult the accompanying glossary of investment terms.

Throughout this report, total return performance shown is historical, and assumes reinvestment of all dividends and capital gain distributions. Total Return, Peer Rank and Category Rank do not take into account loads or any other sales charges. An investment in a fund is not a bank deposit. It is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) or any other government agency. Past performance is no guarantee of future results, and investment return and principal value will fluctuate so that, when redeemed, an investor's shares may be worth more or less than their original cost. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance data quoted; performance current to the most recent month-end or calendar quarter- end is included in the report and can also be obtained from the fund company’s website.

The data and information shown in this report is intended for use by financial professionals and/or sophisticated investors who should verify that all data, assumptions, and results are accurate before making any investment decision or recommendation. Before acting on any information in this document, an investor should consider whether the fund is suitable for their particular circumstances and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

S&P Global Market Intelligence’s Mutual Fund Rankings provide a quantitative and holistic assessment of the performance, risk profile, and relative costs of a given fund compared to other mutual funds in its category. Rankings range from ««««« (highest) to ««««« (lowest) and follow a normalized distribution curve.

Fund Rank in Category S&P Global Market Intelligence Ranking

Top 10% «««««

Next 20% ««««

Middle 40% «««

Next 20% ««

Bottom 10% «

Risks disclaimers

Investors should read the fund’s prospectus and consider the fund’s investment goals, risks, charges and expenses before investing. The Fund may be subject, but not limited, to the following investment risks:

Blended Funds & Fund of Funds Risks

Allocation risk. The ability of a fund to achieve its investment goal depends, in part, on the ability of the fund's portfolio manager to allocate effectively the fund's assets among equity and fixed-income securities. There can be no assurance that the actual allocations will be effective in achieving the fund's investment goal.

Correlation risk. Although the prices of equity securities and fixed-income securities, as well as other asset classes, often rise and fall at different times so that a fall in the price of one may be offset by a rise in the price of the other, in down markets the prices of these securities and asset classes can also fall in tandem. Because the fund allocates its investments among different asset classes, the fund is subject to correlation risk.

Fund of Funds Risk. The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing in assets in the underlying sector fund rather than investing directly in stocks, bonds, cash or other investments. The Fund’s investment performance, because it is a fund of funds, depends on the investment performance of the underlying sector fund in which it invests. The Fund will indirectly pay a proportional share of the asset-based fees of the underlying sector fund in which it invests.

Equity Investing Risk

While stocks have historically outperformed other asset classes over the long term, they tend to fluctuate more dramatically over the short term. There are special  risks  associated  with  significant  exposure  to  a  particular  sector, including the possibility of increased economic, business or other developments affecting the sector, which may result in increased volatility to the fund’s share price.

Small and midsize company risk. Small and midsize companies carry additional risks because the operating histories of these companies tend to be  more limited, their earnings and revenues less predictable, and their share prices more volatile than those of larger, more established companies. The shares of smaller companies tend to trade less frequently than those of larger, more established companies, which can adversely affect the pricing of these securities and the Fund's ability to sell these securities.

Large cap stock risk. Stocks of large cap companies may underperform the stocks of lower quality, or smaller capitalization companies during periods when the stocks of such companies are in favor.

Growth securities risk. Growth companies generally seek to achieve high earning growth regardless of market conditions. Growth stocks usually have high price-to-earnings and price-to-book ratios, which means that these stocks are relatively high-priced in comparison with the companies' Net Asset Values (NAVs). Stocks of growth companies or “growth securities” have market values that may be more volatile than those of other types of investments. Growth securities typically do not pay a dividend, which can help cushion stock prices in market downturns and reduce potential losses.

Value securities risk. Value stocks are those that generally have fallen out of favor in the marketplace and are considered bargain-priced compared with book value, replacement value, or liquidation value. Typically, value  stocks  are priced much lower than stocks of similar companies in the same industry. The prices of value stocks may lag the stock market for long periods of time if the market fails to recognize the company’s intrinsic worth.

Fixed Income Investing Risk

In general the bond market is volatile, and fixed income securities carry interest rate risk. (As interest rates rise, bond prices usually fall, and vice versa. This effect is usually more pronounced for longer-term securities.) Fixed income securities also carry inflation risk and credit and default risks for both issuers and counterparties.

Lower-quality (high yield bonds or junk bond) debt securities generally offer higher yields, but also involve greater risk of default or price changes due to potential changes in the credit quality of the issuer.

Credit and default risk. Corporate bonds are subject to credit risk. It's important to pay attention to changes in the credit quality of the issuer, as less creditworthy issuers may be more likely to default on interest payments or principal repayment. If a bond issuer fails to make either a coupon or principal payment when they are due, or fails to meet some other provision of the bond indenture, it is said to be in default. To the extent the fund invests in high yield, its portfolio is subject to heightened credit risk.

Liquidity risk. When there is little or no active trading market for specific types of securities, it can become more difficult to sell the securities at or near their perceived value. In such a market, the value of such securities and the Fund's share price may fall dramatically, even during periods of declining interest rates. The secondary market for certain bonds tends to be less well developed or liquid than many other securities markets, which may adversely affect the Fund's ability to sell such bonds at attractive prices.

Derivatives risk. Investments in derivatives could have a potentially large impact on the Fund's performance. The use of derivatives involves risks different from, or possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in the underlying assets. Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid and difficult to value.

Collateralized bond obligation Risk. Collateralized Bond Obligations are structured financial products that pool together high yield bond obligations and repackages into separate groupings called tranches representing different degrees of credit quality. The higher quality tranches have greater degrees of protection and pay lower interest rates. The lower tranches, with greater risk, pay higher interest rates.

S&P Global Market Intelligence Mutual Fund Ranking Methodology and Inputs

The overall Mutual Fund ranking is based on a weighted average computation of three components – performance analytics, risk considerations and  cost factors that evaluate, relative to its peers, a fund’s underlying holdings, its historical performance, and characteristics of the fund. For blended funds investing in individual securities, S&P Global Market Intelligence incorporates the following inputs:

Performance Analytics. The component score is a weighted average of up to four inputs:

Holdings-Based Inputs: S&P Global Market Intelligence STARS and 12-Month Yield (weighted average value of holdings)

Fund Inputs: trailing 1-year and 3-year performance vs. peers

Risk Considerations. This component score is a weighted average of up to four inputs:

Holdings-Based Inputs: Weighted Average Credit Rating

Fund Inputs: Manager Tenure, Standard Deviation and Debt Exposure

Cost Factors. This component score is a weighted average of up to three inputs: Expense Ratio (Net), Sales Load and Portfolio Turnover of the fund.

The S&P Global Market Intelligence component rankings are represented as Positive, Neutral or Negative indications, following the same methodology of a normalized distribution curve:

Positive component rankings are assigned to funds whose weighted-average score is in the top quartile of its asset category’s universe, applying a normalized distribution curve.

Neutral component rankings are assigned to funds whose weighted-average score is in the second or third quartiles of its asset category’s universe, applying a normalized distribution curve.

Negative component rankings are assigned to funds whose weighted-average score is the bottom quartile of its asset category’s universe, applying a normalized distribution curve.

In cases where sufficient analytical measures are not available on underlying assets, the component ranking will not be displayed.

For more details, including definitions, of the individual inputs to the S&P Global Market Intelligence Mutual Fund Ranking, see the Glossary section of this report. S&P Global Market Intelligence does not receive fees from funds for their inclusion in this report.

All of the views expressed in this research report accurately reflect S&P Global Market Intelligence's quantitative research models regarding any and all of the subject securities or issuers. No part of S&P Global Market Intelligence's compensation was, is, or will be, directly or indirectly, related to the specific recommendations or views expressed in this research report. The Mutual Fund Rankings and/or equity research recommendations provided by S&P Global Market Intelligence’s Equity Research group are performed separately from any other activity of S&P Global Inc. S&P Global Market Intelligence has no access to non-public information received by other divisions of S&P Global Inc. No other division of S&P Global Inc., including S&P Dow Jones Indices or S&P Global Ratings, contributed to the content of the report. S&P Global Inc. does not trade for its own account.

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No endorsement of any mutual fund included in this report should be implied by the fact that the mutual fund bears the S&P Global Market Intelligence mark or is based on an S&P Dow Jones Index. S&P Global Market Intelligence does not receive fees from mutual funds and/ or funds for their inclusion in this report. S&P Global Market Intelligence and its affiliates provide a wide range of services to, or relating to, many organizations, including issuers of securities, investment advisers, broker-dealers, investment banks, other financial institutions and financial intermediaries, and accordingly may receive fees or other economic benefits from those organizations, including organizations whose securities or services they may recommend, rate, include in model portfolios, evaluate or otherwise address.

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This investment analysis was prepared using the following sources: S&P Global Market Intelligence; Standard & Poor's, 55 Water St., New York, NY 10041. All reference and performance data is provided by Lipper. Performance data is total return, and is preliminary and subject to revision. Reference information has been obtained from company and financial reports and other resources believed to be reliable and maybe incomplete and is not guaranteed by Lipper Inc. – A Reuters Company. No offer or solicitation to buy or sell any of the securities herein is being made by Lipper.

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